Part 4 of a series by Eugene Howell
Of the four basic requirements for a bonsai tree to survive and be healthy, we’ve already discussed three of them in previous posts that are linked to at the bottom of this page. To have a better understanding of how to bonsai, let’s now turn our attention to soil.
Bonsai soil must satisfy three essential requirements for the tree: good drainage, proper pH and good nutrients. The soil needs to be able to drain off excess water, as discussed in my previous article. It also needs to have a pH level that is acceptable to the plant, and the soil must provide nutrients that the plant can absorb and eventually convert to food (complex sugars).